Facts Regarding Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious dental problem. Gum disease can potentially cause tooth loss and may be an indication of other health problems. By educating yourself about what causes periodontal disease, the types of this gum disease, and ways this can be treated, you will be equipped to take the proper actions if it ever happens to you.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Gums that bleed or are inflamed may be the first indication that you have periodontal disease. Long-term infection of the gums can escalate to periodontal disease when left untreated and should be evaluated by your dentist.

Gum Disease Types

There are two types of gum disease, and the severity of the infected gums will determine which condition you have.

Listed below are these disease types:

• Gingivitis – Gums that are swollen or bleed easily indicate that you may have gingivitis. Good oral hygiene can reduce or reverse this gum disease. Daily brushing, flossing, and keeping your routine dental appointments will decrease the occurrence of this gum disease type.

• Periodontitis – If gingivitis is left untreated, this gum disease can result. Periodontitis occurs when the gums recede from the teeth, and pockets then form.  If left untreated, this disease in the gums can lead to tooth loss and other health problems.

Causes of Gum Problems

The key to avoiding both gingivitis and periodontitis is knowing what causes these serious issues to begin in the first place, so that you can take preventative measures.

Listed below are common causes of gum disease:

  • Tobacco products – If you smoke or chew tobacco and want to maintain healthy gums, you may wish to discontinue the use of these products.
  • Disease – Serious heath diseases that impact the immune system, such as cancer, diabetes, and AIDS can lead to gum health concerns.
  • Defective fillings – Dental restorations that don’t fit properly can lead to the gum issues. Additionally, fillings that are old and need replacing should be taken care of to avoid possible problems.
  • Stress- Consistent emotional upheaval can wreak havoc on your physical health and dental health.
  • Medications – Prescription drugs that cause dry mouth, such as anti-depressants, blood pressure medicines, and steroids, can contribute to the development of gum disease due to the lack of saliva.

Treatment Options

The dentist recommended method of treatment will depend on the severity of your gum disease. In many cases, a professional cleaning could help eliminate the problem, and other patients may require surgery.

Finally, by knowing what causes gingivitis and periodontitis, you can work to avoid this behavior. By combining this with good oral hygiene, you are more likely to have healthy gums and avoid invasive dental procedures.

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